Gum disease, also called periodontal disease, is an infection affecting the tissues and bones surrounding your teeth. If left untreated, gum disease can result in serious oral health complications, such as tooth loss.
There are essentially two stages of gum disease:
- Gingivitis – A mild form of gum disease affecting only your gums. It causes red, swollen gums that are prone to bleeding.
- Periodontitis – A more severe form of gum disease that affects the tissues and bone supporting your teeth. Periodontitis can cause your gums to recede from your teeth, making them look longer than they actually are. Over time, your teeth may become loose and fall out.
Causes of Gum Disease
Your mouth regularly produces plaque, a sticky substance containing bacteria. The bacteria in plaque can irritate and break down your gums. If you do not diligently remove plaque
a professional dental cleaning. Over time, plaque and tartar can spread from your gums to the underlying bone structure, causing additional damage that may result in tooth loss.
You may be at an increased risk of developing gum disease if you:
- Do not maintain good oral hygiene habits
- Smoke or chew tobacco
- Have a genetic predisposition to gum disease
- Have a condition which impacts your body’s ability to fight infection
Symptoms of Gum Disease
The following symptoms may indicate that you are suffering from gum disease:
- Swollen gums
- Gum sensitivity
- Bleeding gums
- Pus coming from the gums
- Chronic bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Red or purple gums
- Bad breath (halitosis)
- Standard prophylaxis
- Root scaling
- Topical antibiotics
Dr. Barone will perform a thorough examination of your gum health before recommending the most effective treatment for you. In severe cases of gum disease, she may work with a periodontal specialist to achieve the best possible results.
Please contact our Boulder family dentist today to schedule your initial appointment at Gunbarrel Dental Center, serving patients in Boulder, Gunbarrel, Longmont, Niwot, Louisville, Lafayette, Erie, and Superior, Colorado.